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The different types of frankincense

Thursday 09 May 2024

The main countries producing frankincense (olibanum), the resin of trees of the genus Boswellia
There are many varieties of trees that produce frankincense resin. These are always trees of the Boswellia genus, of the Burseraceae family.
The continent that produces and exports the most is Africa, led by Somalia. But it is also found in Ethiopia, Kenya, Eritrea, Sudan, Nigeria and Burkina Faso. The rest comes from the Sultanate of Oman, Yemen, the island of Socotra, or India.
The resin is widely used in the pharmaceutical and perfume industries. A small part is used as incense for burning, mainly in churches (Catholic, Orthodox...) or by individuals, to enjoy its fragrance or for ceremonies of purification, protection, etc.

The best known varieties and their origin
Boswellia sacra, mainly from the Sultanate of Oman but also from Somalia
Boswellia carterii, mainly from Somalia but also from Yemen
Boswellia papyrifera, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Sudan
Boswellia Serrata, from India

Other lesser known varieties, some of which are remarkable
Boswellia neglecta, from Kenya or Ogaden, the part of Ethiopia with Somali culture
Boswellia frereana, Somalia, an atypical resin, very different from other varieties, even visually it is very different. It is also the best olibanum for chewing.
Boswellia rivae, from Ethiopia (Ogaden)
Boswellia socotrana, as its name suggests, originates from Socotra (the Yemeni island located in the south-east of the country, at the entrance to the Gulf of Aden, off the tip of the Somali Puntland)
Boswellia amero, also native to the island of Socotra
Boswellia dalzielii, a beautiful and little known resin from Nigeria or Burkina Faso

Frankincense Oman Royal Hojari Frankincense Oman Superior Hojari Frankincense Oman Red Hojari Frankincense Oman Ashabi

Frankincense Oman Small Tears

Frankincense Somalia Beeyo 1st Choice

Frankincense Somalia Beeyo Hybrid

Frankincense Somalia Maydi

Frankincense Somalia Sanaag

Somali "Honey" Frankincense

Ethiopian Frankincense First Choice

Ethiopian Frankincense Mirafur

Ethiopian Frankincense Beeyo Madow

Eritrean Olibanum First Choice

Frankincense from Sudan

Harrabi Frankincense from Nigeria

Dakkara Frankincense from Kenya

Sallakhi Frankincense from India

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